Sprained knee

Meniscus

Tearing of the menisci may accompany injuries like ligament strains or can happen with a twisting of the knee. An unhappy triad is when a blow to the side of the knee causes tearing of the anterior cruciate ligament, the medial collateral ligament and the menisci. This usually happens in sports that require the planting of the foot to change direction too fast. The medial is injured more often than the lateral because it is attached to the tibia more securely.

Cause of injury

May accompany ligament strains. When twisting of the knee joint and when the knee is bent.

Meniscus tear signs and symptoms

Locking or bending in the joint. Pain in the knee joint. Swelling.

Complications unattended

A meniscal tear might cause premature wear beneath the patella and on the cartridge at the ends of the bones. This may result in arthritic conditions and fluid buildup in the knee joint. Loose pieces of jagged edges of a damaged meniscus and cartilage may cause locking and catching.

Immediate treatment

RICER. Anti-inflammatory diet and medication.

Rehabilitation and prevention

For the best recovery, it’s necessary to strengthen the muscles surrounding the knee to prevent the injury.  From happening again. Powerful hamstring and quadriceps help prevent and support the knee twisting that could cause a tear. The muscles need to be stretched as well since tight muscles can cause problems in the knee. After surgical repair of a meniscus tear weight-bearing needs to be encouraged as tolerable. It should be done slowly like any restart activity.

knee

Long-term prognosis

Arthroscopic surgery is usually required to repair. The surgery requires the removal of the torn edges of the meniscus. It leaves the main body intact. Most meniscus tears are cured with no longer limitations.

A meniscus tear in football

meniscus injury

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